Balance Assessment in Students with Hyperkyphosis and Hyperlordosis

Document Type : Research Paper



The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between kyphosis and lordosis and balance in students suffering from hyperkyphosis, hyperlordosis, hypokyphosis and hypolordosis and to compare balance between hyperkyphosis and hypokyphosis groups and also between hyperlordosis and hypolordosis groups. For this purpose, 350 students voluntarily participated in this study. Subjects' scoliosis was screened by spinal mouse device and 20 subjects with hyperkyphosis (mean age 12.7+0.80 years, weight 50+1.01 kg, height 156+0.09 cm), 20 subjects with hypokyphosis (mean age 12.2±0.89 years, weight 45±1.11 kg, height 149±0.11 cm), 20 subjects with hyperlordosis (mean age 12.75±0.96 years, weight 50.75 ±1.17 kg, height 151± 0.11 cm) and 20 subjects with hypolordosis (mean age 12.1±0.91 years, weight 48±1.02 kg, height 153±0.10 cm) were selected as the sample of this study. The single leg balance test, star excursion balance test and spinal mouse device were used to assess static and dynamic balance and scoliosis. To analyze the data, Pearson correlation and independent t test were used (P0.05). Results showed a negative significant relationship between kyphosis and dynamic and static balance (P0.05). Also, static and dynamic balance was significantly lower in subjects with hyperkyphosis than those with hypokyphosis. No significant difference was observed between lordosis and dynamic and static balance and also between static and dynamic balance in hyperlordosis and hypolordosis groups (P>0.05). It seems necessary for sports coaches at schools and sport teams to periodically screen the subjects with these deformities especially hyperkyphosis and pay special attention to them as those prone to injury due to their decreased balance in preventive programs.