مقایسة تصویر بدنی افراد دچار اسکولیوزیس ناشناخته با افراد سالم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد، گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیبشناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیبشناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تصویر بدنی مانند هر جنبة روانی دیگر، جزیی از شخصیت انسان است که سیر تکاملی دارد و در شرایطی مانند بدشکلی مشهود، فرد دچار اختلال و ضعف می­شود. هدف از این پژوهش، مقایسة تصویر بدنی افراد دارای اسکولیوزیس ناشناخته با افراد سالم بود. پژوهش حاضر توصیفی–مقایسه­ای است. به این منظور 54 فرد دارای اسکولیوزیس ناشناخته با میانگین سنی 1/18 سال پرسشنامة تصویر بدنی مندلسون را تکمیل کردند. سپس یک گروه کنترل با گروه مذکور مقایسه شدند. پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 82/0 به‌دست آمد. تشخیص و شدت اسکولیوزیس از طریق رادیوگرافی صورت گرفت. اطلاعات جمع‌آوری­شده با استفاده از آزمون t مستقل تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد بین تصویر بدنی افراد دارای اسکولیویس ناشناخته با افراد سالم تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (01/0=P) و بین میزان رضایت از ظاهر و رضایت از نگرش دیگران در افراد دارای اسکولیوز و افراد سالم تفاوت معناداری مشاهده شد (03/0=P و 00/0=P). اما بین رضایت از وزن در افراد اسکولیوزی و افراد سالم تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد (17/0=P). انحنای تنه و تغییرات ثانویه در ناحیة شانه و کتف در افراد اسکولیوزیس ممکن است موجب ضعف تصویر بدنی در این افراد شود و برخی عوارض روانی را در پی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of Body Image between Individuals with Idiopathic Scoliosis and Healthy Individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • seied mohammad hosseini 1
  • mohammad hossein alizadeh 2
  • ahmad farokhi 3
1 M.Sc. of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, University of Tehran Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Body image like other aspects of mental section is a part of our personality which has evolution procedure and is disturbed and weakened in situations such as obvious disfigurement. The aim of this study was to compare body image between individuals with idiopathic scoliosis and healthy ones. This study was descriptive – comparative. 54 subjects (mean age 18.1) with idiopathic scoliosis completed Mendelson Body Image Questionnaire. Then, a control group was compared with scoliosis group. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.82 using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Scoliosis was diagnosed and measured by radiography. The collected data were analyzed by independent t test. The results showed a significant difference in body image between idiopathic scoliosis and healthy groups (P=0.01). Also, there was a significant difference in subscales of appearance satisfaction and attribution satisfaction between these two groups (P=0.03, P=0.00). There was no significant difference in weight subscale between these two groups (P= 0.17). Trunk deformity and secondary changes in shoulders and scapulas in those with idiopathic scoliosis may weaken their body image and may lead to some psychological impacts.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • appearance satisfaction
  • Body Image
  • idiopathic scoliosis
  • posture
  • Psychological
 

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