Document Type : Research Paper
PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Associate Professor, Exercise Physiology Department, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
The present study aimed at investigating the effect of effleurage sports massage on some immune indices in elite wheelchair basketball players after one session of specific intensive exercise. 16 physically disabled subjects were homogenized based on the disability rating (IWBF) and divided into two groups of control and experimental (each group 8 subjects). Subjects performed a session of specific intensive basketball exercise with wheelchair for 40 minutes with maximum intensity (heart rate control). Then, the experimental group received massage for 20 minutes and control group rested at the same time. Blood serum samples were taken by laboratory experts at four steps. Results indicated no significant differences in the immunoglobulin A (IgA) between the experimental and control groups immediately after massage and after 24 hours (P>0.063) (P>0.057) respectively. The number of neutrophils significantly decreased immediately (P<0.008), and 24 hours after the massage (P<0.030). Overall, due to a decrease in the neutrophils, it seems that 20 minutes of effleurage sports massage can have beneficial effects on the immune system of wheelchair basketball players. Therefore, coaches and athletes are advised to use effleurage sports massage following intensive workouts.