Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Health and Sport Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
PhD of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Although the risk of injury in soccer players is high, few studies have been conducted in the field of prevention of these injuries. FIFA 11+ warm-up program is a sport injury prevention program that has recently been extended by FIFA. FIFA 11+ includes 10 exercises for warm-up. Recently, many studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of this program for injury prevention. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of the FIFA 11+ program on injury incidence in soccer players and their performance. The scientific databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Magiran were searched using the keywords "FIFA 11+", "football", "soccer", "injury prevention" and "The 11". Persian papers and those articles that could not be found on the internet were searched manually. Titles and abstracts were examined by the researchers. A total of 951 studies were identified and 17 studies met our inclusion criteria. The results showed that the teams implemented the FIFA 11+ reduced the number of their injuries by 30% to 70%. In addition, those players with high compliance with the FIFA 11+ reduced all injuries by 35% and those who participated in FIFA 11+ program at least 1.5 sessions per week observed drastic improvements in their motor performance and neuromuscular factors. Due to the large number of amateur soccer players and detrimental effect of sports injuries on the economic and social levels, the FIFA 11+ program can be considered as a fundamental tool to minimize the risks of participation in football.