تجزیه‌وتحلیل ویدئویی آسیب‌های بازیکنان فوتبال در بازی‌های جام جهانی 2010

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب‌‌شناسی ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد گروه طب ورزشی و تندرستی دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

 
هدف از تحقیق حاضر تجزیه‌وتحلیل ویدئویی آسیب‌های بازیکنان فوتبال در بازی‌های جام جهانی 2010 بود. بدین منظور تمامی بازی‌های جام جهانی از طریق تجزیه‌وتحلیل ویدئویی بررسی شد و اطلاعات آن (تعداد آسیب، سازوکار وقوع آسیب، زمان بروز آسیب، نوع برخورد منجر به آسیب و منطقۀ وقوع آسیب در زمین بازی) از طریق ثبت در فرم گزارش آسیب به‌دست آمد. در تحقیق حاضر که از نوع توصیفی – تحلیلی است، از آزمون آماری مجذور کای (2 X) برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد 92 آسیب طی 64 مسابقه یا 3/39 آسیب در هر 1000 ساعت مسابقه به‌وقوع پیوسته است. بیشترین میزان بروز آسیب در 15 دقیقۀ انتهایی نیمۀ دوم (دقایق 90 – 76) رخ داده است (05/0>P). مبارزۀ هوایی (3/28 درصد) و تکل شدن (7/21 درصد) بیشترین سازوکار به‌وجودآورندۀ آسیب بوده‌اند (05/0<P). منطقۀ 5 با 7/20 درصد و پس از آن مناطق 2 و 8 هر کدام به‌‌نسبت مساوی 5/18درصد، بیشترین درصد آسیب را داشته‌اند (05/0>P). همچنین 8/84 درصد آسیب‌ها بر اثر برخورد به‌وجود آمده است (05/0>P).
 میزان بروز آسیب در این بازی‌ها کمتر از جام‌های جهانی قبلی بود، که ممکن است ناشی از سخت‌گیری بیشتر قوانین داوری در راستای حفظ سلامت بازیکنان در سال‌های اخیر، تفاوت در تعریف آسیب، متفاوت بودن سیستم بازی، تفاوت در مدت و نوع تمرینات آماده‌سازی و بدنسازی و متفاوت بودن روش‌‌های جمع‌آوری اطلاعات باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Video Analysis of Soccer Players’ Injuries during the 2010 World Cup Games

نویسندگان [English]

  • farshid aghabeigi 1
  • reza rajabi 2
  • mohamad esmaeili 3
  • Mostafa zarei 2
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was the video analysis of soccer players' injuries in the 2010 World Cup games. Therefore, all World Cup games were reviewed through video analysis and their information (the number of injuries, the mechanism of injuries, the time of incidence, the type of accident leading to injuries and the injury occurrence area in the pitch) were recorded in the injury report form. In the present study that was descriptive-analytical, Chi square test (X2) was used for statistical analysis. Results showed that 92 injuries occurred during 64 games or 39.3 injuries per 1000 hours of game. Most incidence of injuries occurred in the final 15 minutes of the second half (minutes of 76-90) (P<0.05). Air challenging (28.3%) and receiving tackles (21.7%) were the most common mechanisms causing injuries (P˃0.05). The area 5 with 20.7% and then areas 2 and 8 with equal ratio of 18.5% had the most percentage of injuries (P<0.05). Also, 84.8% of injuries happened by hits (P<0.05). The incidence of injuries in these games was lower than previous world cups; this can be due to the stricter coaching rules to maintain the health of players in recent years, a difference in the definition of injury, the different game system, differences in duration and type of fitness training and bodybuilding and different methods of data collection.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Injury
  • soccer
  • Video Analysis
  • World Cup

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