Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
MSc of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
The aim of this semi-experimental study was to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of regional dance on cardiovascular endurance of mentally retardedstudents. For this purpose, 20 educable, mentally retarded female students (aged between 8 and 12 and available from specials schools of Kermanshah city) were studied in control (n=10, weight 41.70±16.10 kg, height 145.30±13.60 cm) and experimental (n=10, weight 31.10±8.60 kg, height 134.20±12.70 cm) groups. The experimental group danced 45-60 min. per session, 3 sessions a week for 2 months. Subjects’ cardiovascular endurance was evaluated with Harvard Step Test in pretest and posttest. Data were analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Levin test and dependent and independent t test using SPSS software-21 (P≤0.05). The results indicated that cardiovascular endurance of experimental group (27.00±2.1) was 10.6% better than control group (24.40±2.7) (P=0.029). According to these findings, regional dance can be an effective instrument to increase mentally retarded students’ motivation behind following up the training with appropriate pressure to develop cardiovascular endurance.