تأثیر تمرین عصبی-عضلانی بر عملکرد حرکتی و قدرت زنان فعال مبتلا به نقص غلبۀ پا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، بیومکانیک و آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، بیومکانیک و آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، بخش تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرین عصبی- عضلانی بر عملکرد حرکتی و قدرت زنان فعال با نقص غلبۀ پا بود. 26 زن فعال دارای نقص غلبۀ پا (25-18سال) به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند و به‌طور تصادفی در گروه کنترل و تمرین قرار گرفتند. حداکثر گشتاور اکستنسوری و فلکسوری زانوی برتر و غیربرتر با استفاده از دستگاه ایزوکینتیک به‌صورت کانسنتریک و اکسنتریک و با سرعت60 درجه بر ثانیه و عملکرد حرکتی به‌وسیلۀ پرش تاک اندازه‌گیری شد. هر دو گروه پیش‌آزمون را پیش از شروع دورۀ تمرینی و پس‌آزمون را دو روز بعد از اتمام تمرینات در گروه تجربی انجام دادند. برای تحلیل آماری از آزمون‌های t همبسته و آنالیز کوواریانس در سطح معناداری 95/0 استفاده شد. در پیش‌آزمون عملکرد حرکتی و قدرت بین دو گروه تمرین و کنترل اختلاف معناداری مشاهده نشد (05/0<P). آزمون تی همبسته نشان از اختلاف معنادار عملکرد حرکتی و قدرت در گروه تمرین داشت (05/0>P). درحالی‌که نمرات عملکرد حرکتی و قدرت گروه کنترل اختلاف معناداری را نشان نداد (05/0<P). همچنین در پس‌آزمون، اختلاف معناداری بین امتیازهای دو گروه یافت شد (05/0>P). با توجه به تأثیر تمرینات نوروماسکولار بر بهبود عملکرد و قدرت اندام تحتانی زنان دارای غلبۀ پا، استفاده از این تمرینات در برنامه‌های پیشگیری و بازتوانی افراد پیشنهاد می‌شود.

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