تأثیر تمرینات بنیادین بر حرکات عملکردی پایه و تخصصی در دانشجویان دختر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه ارتوپدی فنی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران

چکیده

ناتوانی در انجام حرکات عملکردی از مهم‌ترین عوامل ایجاد آسیب‌های عضلانی اسکلتی است. در تحقیق حاضر، مطالعه شد که تمرین حرکات بنیادین ثبات‌بخشی پویای عصبی عضلانی[1]، چه اندازه موجب بهبود انواع حرکات عملکردی می‌شود. نمونۀ تحقیق شامل 34 دانشجوی دختر بود که به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه قرار گرفتند. سن، قد و وزن گروه تجربی به‌ترتیب 68/0± 8/18، 63/5± 4/160 سانتی‌متر و 41/14±4/61 کیلوگرم و گروه شاهد 91/0± 9/18، 16/3± 5/160 سانتی‌متر و 10/12±2/61 کیلوگرم بود. گروه شاهد تمرینات معمول و گروه تجربی پروتکل مطالعه را 3جلسۀ 50 دقیقه‌ای در هفته به مدت شش هفته انجام دادند. از پنج آزمون حرکتی به‌عنوان نشانگرهای اثربخشی تمرینات استفاده شد. تحلیل واریانس برای اندازه‌های تکراری بیانگر وجود تعامل معنادار در هر پنج آزمون حرکتی به‌نفع گروه تجربی بود  (29/0 ≤ƞ2 و 001/0 P≤ و 13/4 ≤(32و1)F). براساس ضرایب مجذور اتا، کمترین و بیشترین تفاوت ضریب پیشرفت به‌ترتیب در آزمون‌های تعادلY و غربالگری حرکات عملکردی مشاهده شد. یافته‌ها مؤید آن است که می‌توان از تمرین حرکات بنیادین برای بهبود حرکات عملکردی استفاده کرد. بهبود کمتر حرکات عملکردی تخصصی‌تر نشان می‌دهد که آنها احتمالاً علاوه‌بر حرکات بنیادین به تمرین تخصصی حرکت نیز نیاز دارند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Fundamental Training on General and Specific Functional Movements in Female Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • leili mahdieh 1
  • vahid zolaktaf 2
  • Mohammad taghi Karimi 3
1 PHD student, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Injury and Corrective Exercise, School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Associate Professor, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Disability to perform functional movements is known as one of the most crucial factors of musculoskeletal injuries. This study investigated to what extent fundamental movement training of dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) could improve various functional movements. The sample consisted of 34 female students who were randomly assigned to two groups. Their age, height and weight were 18.8±0.68, 160.4±5.63 cm and 61.4±14.41 kg for the experimental group and 18.9±0.91, 160.5±3.16 cm and 61.2±12.10 kg for the control group respectively. The experimental group followed a six-week training protocol 3 sessions and 50 minutes each session. Five movement tests were used as the indicators to measure training effectiveness. ANOVA with repeated measures indicated a significant interaction of all five movement tests in favor of the experimental group (F(1,32)≥4.13, P≤0.001 and ƞ2 ≥0.29). Based on Eta-square coefficients, the highest and lowest differences in the progress coefficient were observed in Y-balance test and functional movement screening test respectively. The findings support the hypothesis that fundamental movement training can be used to improve functional movements. Lower improvement of more specific functional movements reveals that they may require not only fundamental movements but also specific training of movement.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Functional Movements
  • Fundamental Movements
  • Injury
  • Neuromuscular Disorder
  • Neuromuscular Stabilization
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