تاثیر 8 هفته تمرینات تعادلی بر عملکرد اندام فوقانی و نمره ی آزمون های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی والیبالیست های نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد، گروه تربیت بدنی (آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی)، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 گیلان،معاون پژوهش و فناوری. استاد،گروه تربیت بدنی (آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی)، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 مربی والیبال، کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تعادل یکی از اجزای کلیدی اجرای مهارت های ورزشی است. بنابراین هدف پژوهش حاضر تاثیر 8 هفته تمرینات تعادلی بر عملکرد اندام فوقانی و نمره ی آزمون های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی والیبالیست های نوجوان است. در این تحقیق نیمه تجربی 30 نفر از بازیکنان والیبالیست نوجوان در لیگ استان گلستان به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. در ابتدای و انتهای پژوهش از آزمون عملکردی اندام فوقانی به وسیله دستگاه تعادلی Y و آزمون  FMSاستفاده شد. سپس گروه تجربی به مدت 8 هفته، 3 جلسه در هفته تمرینات تعادلی را انجام دادند. نتایج آماری نشان داد در گروه تجربی نمره آزمون FMS و آزمون های گام به جلو در یک خط، اسکات کامل، گام برداری روی مانع و عملکرد اندام فوقانی بهبودی ایجاد شده است اما در گروه کنترل تفاوت معناداری ایجاد نشد. همچنین آزمون های تحرک پذیری شانه، بالا آوردن پا به صورت صاف و فعال، آزمون پایداری تنه از طریق شنای سوئدی و پایداری در چرخش، در گروه تجربی و کنترل قبل و بعد از تمرینات تفاوت معناداری ایجاد نشد. با توجه به نتایج تحقیق مربیان ورزشی می توانند از این تمرینات با هدف پیشگیری از آسیب های ورزشی و بهبود عملکرد استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 8 Weeks of Balance Training on Upper Extremity Function and Functional Movement Screening Test Scores of Adolescent Volleyball Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamed arazzadeh 1
  • ali asghar norasteh 2
  • ahmad eidi dahneh 3
1 MSc Student in Physical Education and Sport Sciences (Sport Injuries & Corrective Exercises), Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3 Volleyball coach, Master of Sport Physiology at Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Balance is one of the key components of performing motor skills. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of balance training on the upper extremity function and functional movement screening test scores of adolescent volleyball players. In this quasi-experimental study, 30 adolescent volleyball players in the league of Golestan province were randomly divided into 2 groups: experimental and control. At the beginning and at the end of the study, upper quarter test by Y balance device and Functional Movement Screening (FMS) test were used. Then, the experimental group performed 8 weeks (3 sessions per week) of balance training. The results showed that FMS test score, in-line lunge, deep squat, hurdle step tests and upper extremity function improved in the experimental group but no significant difference was observed in the control group. Also, shoulder mobility, straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up and rotary stability tests had no significant difference in experimental and control groups before and after the training. According to these results, coaches can use this training to prevent sport injuries and improve function.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescent
  • Balance Training
  • Screening tests
  • Upper Extremity Function
  • Volleyball Player

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