مقایسه میزان فعالیت فیدفورواردی منتخبی از عضلات مچ پا در دختران فعال دانشگاهی در معرض خطر آسیب اسپرین مچ پا با دختران سالم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری حرکات اصلاحی و آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 استاد، گروه طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه طب ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
 شیوع قابل توجه اسپرین مچ پا،کناره­گیری زودهنگام از ورزش و ناتوانی ناشی از این آسیب، توجه محققان را به انجام پژوهش­هایی در جهت شناسایی و کنترل عوامل اثرگذار در ابتلا به این آسیب جلب کرده است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر، مقایسه میزان فعالیت فیدفورواردی منتخبی از عضلات مچ پا در دختران فعال دانشگاهی در معرض خطرآسیب اسپرین مچ پا با دختران سالم بود. بدین منظور، 32 دانشجوی دختر فعال رشته تربیت بدنی، بدون سابقه­ی اسپرین مچ پا، به صورت هدفمند و بر اساس نمرات تعادل پویای ناشی از اجرای آزمون Y، به دو گروه 16 نفری، شامل گروه در معرض خطر اسپرین مچ پا (با تعادل کمتر) و گروه سالم، تقسیم شدند. فعالیت فیدفورواردی عضلات، توسط دستگاه الکترومیوگرافی در تکلیف پرش- فرود ارزیابی شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری، بررسی و 05/0≥p در نظر گرفته شد. درگروه در معرض خطر اسپرین مچ پا (تعادل کمتر)، میزان فعالیت فیدفورواردی کمتری در عضلات پرونئوس­لانگوس و سولئوس نسبت به گروه کنترل، مشاهده شد (05/0p˂). احتمالا فعالیت کمتر این عضلات در افراد با تعادل کمتر، ثبات مچ پا را به خطر انداخته و آنها را در معرض خطر اسپرین مچ پا قرار می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of Feed-Forward Activity of Selected Ankle Muscles between Active Collegiate Girls at the Risk of Ankle Sprain and Healthy Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • zahra raghi 1
  • Mohammad Hossien Alizadeh 2
  • hooman minoonejad 3
  • reza rajabi 2
1 Ph.D. in Corrective Exercises and Sport Injury, Department of Sport Sciences, Sistan & Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sport Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associated Professor, Department of Sport Medicine, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The high incidence of ankle sprain, early resignation from sport and related disabilities have attracted the attention of researchers to identify and control those factors influencing the risk of this injury. The aim of this study wasto compare feed-forward activity of selected muscles of the ankle between collegiate active girls at the risk of ankle sprain and healthy girls.For this purpose, 32 active female students of physical education without a history of ankle sprain were divided into two groups (each group 16 subjects) including group at risk of ankle sprain (with less balance) and healthy group purposively and based on dynamic balance test scores (Y test). The feed-forward activity of muscles was evaluated by electromyography during jump-drop landing. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) at P≤0.05. A lower feed-forward activity of peroneus longus and soleus muscles was observed in the group of at risk of ankle sprain (lower balance) when compared with the control group (P˂0.05). Probably, lower activity of these muscles in subjects with less balance could endanger the stability of the ankle and put them at risk of ankle sprain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Active girls
  • Ankle sprain
  • Electromyography
  • Feed-forward activity
  • Muscles of the ankle
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