Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine a model for the relationship between mental toughness and emotional reactions to failure mediated by self-compassion and emotion regulation among martial artists.
Methods: A total of 286 athletes (191 male and 95 female; age: 20.98±3.30 years) from different disciplines of martial arts engaged in league championship participated in the study. Athletes completed Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The proposed model was evaluated using structural equation model.
Results: Result revealed that mental toughness has direct and indirect effects on emotional reactions to failure. Furthermore, self-compassion and maladaptive emotion regulation play a partial negative mediating role between the mental toughness and emotional reactions to failure. However, the mediating role of adaptive emotion regulation was not significant.
Conclusion: The study predicts negative emotional reactions to failure based on mental toughness as mediated by self-compassion and emotion regulation among martial artists, which indicates the necessity of paying attention to the development of mental toughness in martial artists and emphasizes self-compassion and reduction of maladaptive emotion regulation for better recovery of the failure and reduce its effects.