Mental Toughness and Emotional Reactions to Failure in Martial Artists: The Mediating Role of Self-compassion and Emotion Regulation

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine a model for the relationship between mental toughness and emotional reactions to failure mediated by self-compassion and emotion regulation among martial artists.
Methods: A total of 286 athletes (191 male and 95 female; age: 20.98±3.30 years) from different disciplines of martial arts engaged in league championship participated in the study. Athletes completed Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ), Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The proposed model was evaluated using structural equation model.
Results: Result revealed that mental toughness has direct and indirect effects on emotional reactions to failure. Furthermore, self-compassion and maladaptive emotion regulation play a partial negative mediating role between the mental toughness and emotional reactions to failure. However, the mediating role of adaptive emotion regulation was not significant.
Conclusion: The study predicts negative emotional reactions to failure based on mental toughness as mediated by self-compassion and emotion regulation among martial artists, which indicates the necessity of paying attention to the development of mental toughness in martial artists and emphasizes self-compassion and reduction of maladaptive emotion regulation for better recovery of the failure and reduce its effects.

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