The Study of physical activity levels in Iranian children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 University of Guilan

2 department of kinesiology, sport Studies and physical education, College at Brockport, the state University of New York , USA

3 Sport Sciences Research Institute of Ministry Of Science

Abstract

Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder is a neuro-developmental disorder with a significant deficiency in communication characteristics, social interactions and stereotyped behaviors. The purpose of this study is the investigation of physical activity participation in Iranian children and adolescent with autism spectrum disorders. Materials and Methods: The research method was descriptive and survey. The statistical samples were 370 children and adolescent with ASD, age 8-20 years from Iran. The international physical activity questionnaire for older children and adolescents used for measuring physical activity levels. Data was analyzed by using SPSS23. Results: The results showed that 73.8% of participants were inactive during the last 7 days and 17.8% of them were active occasionally (1 to 2 times), 6.5% (3 to 4 times) and 1.1% (5 to 6 times) were physically active. During the last 7 days on weekends, 58/2% reported usually sitting position, 22/2% walking or standing, and 14.6% running or active playing and only 1.1% reported lots of running or playing. There was no significant difference between girls and boys. Conclusion: The results showed the limited participation of physical activity in children and adolescents with ASD. This study seems to be a helpful for identifying the patterns and promotion of physical activity.

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