The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between leg muscle strength, trunk muscle endurance, rang of motion of lower extremity and anthropometric factors with balance ability in female athletes. Forty healthy athlete women (mean age 20.5? 3.86 years, height 161.20? 7.26 cm and weight 53.91? 5.57 kg) participated in this study. Biacromial breadth, bi iliac breadth, ankle bimalleolar breadth, static and dynamic balance, rang of motion of lower extremity, trunk muscle endurance and maximum unilateral squat strength were measured. There was a significant and positive correlation between static balance scores with hip adduction and between dynamic balance and hip flexion (P<0.05). Also, there was a significant and negative correlation between static balance scores with hip flexion, hip abduction, ankle breadth and between dynamic balance with leg length and bi iliac breadth (P<0.05). In conclusion, when using the SEBT or BESS for experimental or clinical purposes, some factors such as ankle breath, bi iliac breadth and hip ROM should be attended to allow for a more accurate comparison of performance among participants.