تأثیر برنامۀ جامع گرم کردن فیفا +11 بر عملکرد و آمادگی جسمانی بازیکنان نوجوان مرد فوتبال ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه طب ورزش دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه طب ورزش دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 استادیار مرکز پزشکی ورزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مطالعات نشان داده‌اند برنامۀ فیفا +11 به‌طور شایان ‌توجهی آسیب‌های ورزشی بازیکنان فوتبال را کاهش می‌دهد، اما اطلاعات محدودی در مورد تأثیر این برنامه بر آمادگی جسمانی بازیکنان فوتبال وجود دارد. بنابراین هدف این کارآزمایی بالینی، بررسی اثر برنامۀ +11 بر عملکرد و آمادگی جسمانی فوتبالیست‌های نوجوان بود. 82 بازیکن 14تا 16 ساله از چهار باشگاه در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. تیم‌ها به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه کنترل و تجربی تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی به مدت 30 هفته برنامۀ جامع گرم کردن فیفا +11 را انجام دادند. عملکرد بازیکنان، به‌وسیلۀ یک مجموعه آزمون اندازه‌گیری شد. بازیکنان هر دو گروه، یک هفته پیش از شروع فصل و یک هفته پس از پایان فصل مسابقات (به فاصلۀ 30 هفته) آزمون شدند. از آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس اندازه‌های تکراری 2×2 برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل آماری نشان داد که تعامل معنا‌داری زمان × گروه در آزمون‌های پرش عمودی سارجنت و پرش تواتری بوسکو وجود دارد و بازیکنان گروه تجربی پیشرفت بیشتری نسبت به بازیکنان گروه کنترل در این آزمون‌ها داشتند. اما تفاوت معنا‌داری در میزان اختلاف پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون در آزمون‌های چابکی ایلینویز، سرعت 40 یارد، سرعت 20 یارد، یویو تناوبی ریکاوری سطح یک، انعطاف‌پذیری و دریبلینگ در بین گروه کنترل و گروه تجربی مشاهده نشد. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که برنامۀ تمرینی جامع گرم کردن فیفا +11 می‌تواند موجب افزایش پرش عمودی سارجنت و توان بی‌هوازی عضلات اندام تحتانی بازیکنان نوجوان فوتبال شود، اما بر فاکتورهای دیگر آمادگی جسمانی و عملکرد اثر ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of FIFA Warm-Up Comprehensive Program 11+ on Performance and Physical Fitness of Iranian Adolescent Male Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Zarei 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh 2
  • Nader Rahnama 3
  • Tohid Seif-Barghi 4
چکیده [English]

Previous studies showed that FIFA +11 program reduces soccer players' sport injuries considerably, but there is limited information about the effect of this program on physical fitness of soccer players. Thus, the aim of this clinical trial was to study the effect of 11+ program on performance and physical fitness of adolescent soccer players. 82 soccer players (aged between 14 and 16) from 4 teams participated in this study. The teams were randomly divided into two groups: control and training. Training group participated in 30 weeks of FIFA 11+ comprehensive program. The players' performance was measured by a test collection. The players of both groups were tested one week prior to and one week following match season (an interval of 30 weeks). Data were analyzed by ANOVA with repeated measures 2x2. Analysis of data showed a significant group x time interaction in Sargent vertical jump test and Bosco repetitive jumping test. The training group showed more improvement than control group in these tests. But no significant differences were observed in pretest and posttest of Illinois agility, 40 and 20 yards speed, yoyo intermittent recovery level 1, sit and reach and dribbling tests between training and control groups. This study demonstrated that FIFA 11+ warm-up comprehensive program can increase Sargent vertical jump and anaerobic power of lower extremity muscles in adolescent soccer players but it did not influence other factors of physical fitness and performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • 11+ program
  • injury prevention
  • performance
  • soccer
  • warm-up
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