ارتباط تعادل پویا و ثبات مرکزی بدن با نتایج غربالگری حرکت عملکردی در دختران بسکتبالیست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

براساس نظر محققان عملکرد ورزشی نسبت به فعالیت‌های زندگی روزانه به سطوح بالاتری از ثبات مرکزی در ورزشکاران نخبه نیاز دارد. به‌علاوه آزمون­ غربالگری حرکت عملکردی اطلاعات مفیدی را دربارۀ حرکت، ثبات در زنجیرۀ حرکتی و پیش‌بینی آسیب فراهم می­کند. حال سؤال این است، آیا بین نتایج آزمون غربالگری حرکت عملکردی با تعادل پویا و عملکرد ناحیۀ مرکزی بدن در دختران بسکتبالیست ارتباطی وجود دارد؟ تحقیق حاضر از نوع تحقیقات مقطعی است. آزمودنی‌های تحقیق 38 دختر بسکتبالیست در سطح باشگاهی با سابقۀ حداقل دو سال در شهر قم بودند که با توجه به معیارهای تحقیق به‌عنوان آزمودنی در تحقیق شرکت کردند. برای ارزیابی استقامت عضلات ثبات‌دهندۀ ناحیۀ مرکزی بدن از آزمون­های مک گیل و برای ارزیابی عملکرد حرکتی آزمودنی­ها از مجموعه آزمون­های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی استفاده شد. از آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه نیز برای تحلیل داده­ها استفاده شد (05/0 P≤). از بین متغیرهای پیش­بین تنها بین استقامت فلکسور ناحیۀ مرکزی و تعادل پویا با نمره‌های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی ارتباط معنادار مشاهده شد (01/0 (P≤. ارتباط بین استقامت فلکسورهای جانبی و اکستنسورهای تنه با نمره‌های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی معنادار نبود.نتایج نشان داد مدل رگرسیونی این تحقیق در پیش­بینی نمره‌های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی مدل متوسطی است، که توانسته 5/58 درصد واریانس نمره‌های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی را پیش­بینی کند. اگرچه به‌طور مشخص در بین آزمون‌های انجام‌گرفته، استقامت عضلات فلکسور تنه و تعادل پویا می‌تواند پیش‌بینی‌کنندۀ نمره‌های غربالگری حرکت عملکردی باشد و ارتباط مثبتی با آن دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship the dynamic balance and core stability muscles endurance with the results of functional movement screening among the girl basketball players

نویسنده [English]

  • parisa sedaghati
Assistant Professor, Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Researchers suggest that the elite athletes require higher levels of core stability for exercise performance than daily living activities. In addition, functional movement screening test provides useful information about movement, stability in movement chain and the prediction of injuries. The main question of this study was whether there was a relationship between the results of functional movement screening test and dynamic balance and the function of core muscles in female basketball players. In this cross-sectional study, the participants were 38 female basketball players with at least 2 years of club experience in Qom city who were selected based on the research criteria. The McGill test was used to assess the endurance of the core stability muscles. A collection of functional movement screening tests was used to assess movement performance of the participants. The multiple regression test was used for data analysis (P≤0.05). Among predictive variables, a significant relationship was observed only between the endurance of core flexor and dynamic balance and functional movement screening scores (P≤0.01). The relationship between the endurance of lateral flexors and trunk extensors and functional movement screening scores was not significant. The regression model of this study was a moderate model to predict functional movement screening scores. It could predict 58.5% of variance of functional movement screening scores although the endurance of the trunk flexor muscles and dynamic balance could specifically predict functional movement screening scores and have a positive relationship with them.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • athletics
  • basketball
  • Core stability
  • Functional movement screening
  • Muscle Endurance

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