رابطه قدرت آیزومتریک عضلات اندام تحتانی با میزان بروز آسیب های اندام تحتانی بازیکنان جوان فوتبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، رشته آسیب‌شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه گروه بازتوانی ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه بازتوانی ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشکده تربیت‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: خطر بروز آسیب نیز در رشته فوتبال بالا است. بسیاری از محققان قدرت عضلانی را به‌عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین ریسک فاکتورهای داخلی معرفی کرده‌اند، اما مطالعات اندکی به بررسی رابطه بین قدرت آیزومتریک عضلات با بروز آسیب‌ها پرداخته‌اند. لذا پژوهش حاضر به بررسی ارتباط قدرت آیزومتریک عضلات اندام تحتانی و میزان بروز آسیب‌های بازیکنان فوتبال و توانایی پیش‌بینی این آسیب‌ها می‌پردازد.
روش تحقیق: نمونه‌های آماری این پژوهش را 73 بازیکنان فوتبال زیر 21 سال تشکیل‌ دادند. قبل از شروع فصل ابعاد آنتروپومتری و قدرت آیزومتریک عضلات اندام تحتانی هر فرد در پای برتر بازیکنان به‌وسیله دستگاه آیزوکنتیک بایودکس سیستم 4 اندازه‌گیری، سپس هر فرد به مدت 8 ماه مورد پیگیری قرار گرفت و آسیب‌های بازیکنان ثبت شد.
نتایج: نتایج آزمون کاکس رگرسیون نشان داد رابطه معناداری میان نسبت قدرت آیزومتریک در هیچ یک از عضلات مورد اندازه گیری و میزان بروز آسیب های اندام تحتانی وجود ندارد.
بحث: با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده در این پژوهش توصیه می گردد کادر پزشکی و فنی تیم های فوتبال از آزمون های آیزومتریک برای شناسایی بازیکنان در معرض خطر استفاده ننمایند. احتمالا انواع دیگر سنجش قدرت مانند قدرت آیزوتونیک و آیزوکنتیک برای این مساله موثرتر باشد.
The risk of injury in football is high. Many researchers have introduced muscle strength as one of the most important internal risk factors, but few studies have examined the relationship between the isometric strength of muscles and incidence of injuries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between isometric strength of lower extremity muscles and the incidence of injuries in football players and the power to predict these injuries. The sample of this study included 73 football players under 21 years of age. Before the beginning of the season, the anthropometric dimensions and isometric strength of lower extremity in dominant leg of each player were measured by Isokinetic device (Biodex system 4), then each player was followed up for 8 months and their injuries were recorded. The results of Cox regression test showed no significant relationship between isometric strength of the measured muscles and the incidence of injuries in lower extremity. According to these results, it is suggested that medical and technical staff of football teams use isometric tests to identify high risk players. Other strength evaluation methods such as isokinetic and isotonic strengths may be more effective.  
Keywords: football injuries, isometric strength, lower extremity, prevention of injuries, risk factor

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Isometric Strength of the Lower Extremity Muscles and Incidence of Injuries in Lower Extremity in Young Football Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • parisa namazi 1
  • mostafa zarei 2
  • fariborz hovanloo 3
1 MS Sport Injury and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associated Professor, Health and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Health and Sport Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The risk of injury in football is high. Many researchers have introduced muscle strength as one of the most important internal risk factors, but few studies have examined the relationship between the isometric strength of muscles and incidence of injuries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between isometric strength of lower extremity muscles and the incidence of injuries in football players and the power to predict these injuries. The sample of this study included 73 football players under 21 years of age. Before the beginning of the season, the anthropometric dimensions and isometric strength of lower extremity in dominant leg of each player were measured by Isokinetic device (Biodex system 4), then each player was followed up for 8 months and their injuries were recorded. The results of Cox regression test showed no significant relationship between isometric strength of the measured muscles and the incidence of injuries in lower extremity. According to these results, it is suggested that medical and technical staff of football teams use isometric tests to identify high risk players. Other strength evaluation methods such as isokinetic and isotonic strengths may be more effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Football Injuries
  • Isometric Strength
  • Lower Extremity
  • Prevention of injuries
  • Risk Factor
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